A Cost Review of Four System Designs for Water for Injection (WFI)
A Look at the Cost of Alternative Systems for Producing Water for Injection (WFI) Including Membrane-Based WFI Production Absent Distillation
In 2016, the European Pharmacopeia (Ph. Eur.) revised its monograph to allow “distillation or a purification process that is equivalent or superior to distillation in the removal of chemicals and microorganisms.” This new standard allows for WFI production via membrane, or ambient processes, such as reverse osmosis and other appropriate technologies.
Take a deep dive into MECO’s analysis of four different system designs and see how the cost of membrane-based systems compares to thermal technologies.